Copyright 1994 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. Princeton, NJ 08541

1. A complex pattern of organized, unlearned behavior that is species-specific is called...
a drive
a need
a motive
an emotion
an instinct

2. In a famous series of experiments conducted by Harry Harlow, infant monkeys were separated from their mothers at birth. The infants were then given two surrogate mothers (a terry-cloth "mother" and a wire "mother"), each of which alternately had a nursing bottle that provided food to the infants. The experimental results showed that in frightening situations the infant monkeys...
were more likely to become aggressive toward the wire mother than toward the terry-cloth mother
failed to seek out either of the mothers because of their lack of experience in seeking contact comfort
preferred the wire mother, even when the terry-cloth mother had the nursing bottle
preferred the terry-cloth mother, even when the wire mother had the nursing bottle
would run and cling to whichever mother had the nursing bottle

3. Theories of motivation that assert the existence of biological motives to maintain the body in a steady state are called...

4. Carla tutors other students because she likes to be helpful, whereas Jane tutors classmates strictly for pay. Their behaviors demonstrate the difference between...
primary and secondary drives
instinctive and derived drives
appetitive and aversive motivation
intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
positive and negative reinforcement

5. The view that human emotions are universal has been supported by studies of...
facial expressions
body language
linguistic structures
hedonic relevance
biological symmetry

6. Which of the following are the stages in Hans Selye's general adaptation syndrome.
appraisal, stress response, coping
shock, anger, self-control
anxiety, fighting, adapting
alarm, resistance, exhaustion
attack, flight, defense

Score =
Correct answers: