|We start by defining the term hallucination. Hallucinations are false sense perceptions and can deal with any of our five senses. Hence, there are auditory, visual, tactile (touch), gustatory (taste) and olfactory (smell) hallucinations. Hallucinations can be the result of various chemical substances in our bodies. Psychologically, they are one of the main symptoms of various forms of psychoses. Psychosis is defined as a disorder which affects the person both cognitively (or mentally) and affectively (or emotionally). The two most common symptoms of psychosis are hallucinations and delusions (false beliefs).
OPTIONAL: We begin by listening to a case study that involves both hallucinations and delusions. Read through all the following instructions before proceeding to the taped case study.
This case study gives you a little background into the severity that delusions and hallucinations play in psychological disorders. They can be quite debilitating. This case would be one that would be difficult for psychologists to diagnose because of the previous history Gloria has with psychological disorders. Because of this, psychologists would arguably diagnose her as suffering from a schizophreniform disorder.
Schizophreniform disorder involves an onset of psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations, confusion during these episodes, good social and occupational functioning and an absence of a blunt affect (or lack of emotional dynamics). This is the general criteria from the DSM-IV or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disroders (4th ed.). This is the guidebook psychologists and other mental health professionals use to diagnose disorders from the symptoms they see. It will be the source guide for this course as well.
Next, we get to our reading passage--a classic--from Edgar Allan Poe called The Tell-Tale Heart. Auditory hallucinations, one of the most common forms of halluciantion, will be the main focus of this reading passage, but it also involves other symptoms as well. Read through all the following instructions before proceeding with your reading.
When you've finished paste your work into an e-mail titled "Week 1 Homework." Then e-mail your work to me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lesson Copyright ©2009 Clay Sisman