|Phobias are defined as intense, irrational fears. They typically focus around objects or situations. Phobias toward objects include arachnophobia which is fear of spiders, ophidiophobia which is fear of snakes and misophobia which is fear of germs or getting contaminated. Situational phobias include acrophobia which is fear of heights, hydrophobia which is fear of water and didaskaleinophobia which is fear of going to school!
Thousands of phobias have been noted and classified. Some affect our fundamental day-to-day lives such as somniphobia which is fear of going to sleep, or agoraphobia which is a fear of open spaces, being out in crowds or fear of leaving the safety of one's own home. Some phobias seem fairly remote, for example triskaidekaphobia is fear of the number 13 (perhaps you've noticed this floor is skipped in some tall buildings) or arachibutyrophobia which is fear of getting peanut butter stuck to the roof of your mouth and not being able to scrape it off with your tongue!
Phobias are part of a general category of disorders called anxiety disorders. These disorders involve behaviors the surround overwhelming anxiety and attempts to reduce this anxiety through maladaptive means. Anxiety disorders are among the most common psychological disorders treated by professionals. Other types include generalized anxiety disorder and OCD, which we've already studied in The Hunchback of Notre Dame and The Scarlet Letter. Frequently, sufferers of anxiety disorders suffer panic attacks, which we've also studied in Pigeon Feathers.
There are several explanations for the causes of anxiety disorders. The biologicial model believes they are a result of organic or biological imbalances. The behavioral model suggets they result from prior reinforcement or conditioning of the maladaptive behavior. The cognitive model asserts they are based incorrect reasoning, and a distortion of real events and unrealistic expectations. The psychodynamic model suggests they are the result of an unconscious conflict or fear.
|Our stoy deals with a young boy who suffers from agoraphobia. The DSM-IV outlines the following symptoms for someone to be diagnosed with a simple phobia:
OPTIONAL: Listen to a case study that involves a case of agoraphobia or fear of open spaces, being out in crowds or fear of leaving the safety of one's own home. Read through all the following instructions before proceeding to the taped case study.
Next, we get to our reading passage.
When you've finished paste your work into an e-mail titled "Week 8 Homework." Then e-mail your work to me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lesson Copyright ©2009 Clay Sisman